AVOID SUGAR Cancer cells like sugar. The German biologist Otto Heinrich Warburg won a Nobel Prize for his discovery that the metabolism of malignant tumors is largely dependent on glucose consumption. Insulin production triggers inflammation. Those who eat low-sugar Asian diets tend to have five to ten times fewer hormonally driven cancers than those with diets high in sugar and refined foods. People who want to protect themselves from cancer should reduce their consumption of processed sugar and bleached flour. That means getting used to drinking coffee without sugar, avoiding sugary snacks between meals and cutting down on deserts.
EAT MEAT AND DAIRY THAT IS ORGANIC, WILD, OR PASTURE RAISED When cows eat grass, their meat and dairy products are perfectly balanced in omega-3 fatty acids (which help to reduce inflammation and cancer cell growth) and omega-6s. But since the 1950s, pastures have been replaced by battery farming; corn, soy and wheat have become the animals’ principal diet. These food sources are rich in omega-6s and contain practically no omega-3s. Omega-6 fats and hormones given to stimulate milk production can trigger the growth of fatty cells and inflammation. The switch from grass to corn-soy combinations has also eliminated another anti-cancer benefit from dairy foods. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) helps fight the growth of cancer cells, according to research conducted by the National Institute of Agronomy Research in Tours, France. CLA is found primarily in cheese, but only if the cheese comes from grass-fed animals.
AVOID TOXIC SUBSTANCES IN THE FOOD SUPPLY-EAT ORGANIC OR OUT OF YOUR GARDEN There has been an unprecedented rise in the number of toxic substances in our environment and in our bodies since the Second World War. In the US, researchers at the Center for Disease Control have found the presence of 148 toxic chemicals in the blood and urine of Americans of all ages. In the past 30 years the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer has tested 900 chemicals in the environment and found only one to be categorically non-carcinogenic; 95 have been identified as ‘known carcinogens’, 307 are ‘possible’ and 497 remain ‘unclassified’.
Inflammation aggravators • Traditional Western diet • White bread and pasta • Red meat, raised industrially • Oils rich in omega-6 fatty acids (corn, sunflower, safflower, soy) • Dairy products from industrially raised livestock (especially full fat) • Eggs from industrial farming hens fed corn and soy beans) • Unmanaged stress, anger and depression • Less than 20 minutes of physical activity a day • Cigarette smoke, atmospheric pollution, domestic pollutants
Inflammation reducers • Mediterranean, Indian and Asian cuisine • Whole-wheat bread and pasta • Organic meat from animals fed on grass or with flax meal, eaten at most three times a week • Olive oil • Dairy products mainly from animals fed on grass • Eggs of hens raised in a natural environment or fed flax meal • Laughter, lightheartedness, serenity • A 50-minute walk three times a week or 30 minutes six times a week • Clean environment
Cancer-fighting super-foods Some foods contain precious anti-cancer molecules. These include:
GREEN TEA Rich in polyphenols that reduce the growth of the new blood vessels needed for tumor growth, green tea is also a powerful antioxidant and activates mechanisms in the liver which help to eliminate cancerous toxins from the body more rapidly. In mice it has been shown to block the effects of chemical carcinogens responsible for breast, lung, esophageal, stomach and colon cancer.
TURMERIC The most powerful natural anti-inflammatory currently identified. In the laboratory it enhances the effectiveness of chemotherapy and reduces tumor growth.
GARLIC, ONIONS, LEEKS, SHALLOTS and CHIVES These all help to regulate blood sugar levels, which in turn reduces insulin secretion and thus the growth of cancer cells. They promote the death of cancer cells in colon, breast, lung and prostate cancer.
MUSHROOMS Shiitake, crimini, portabello and oyster mushrooms stimulate the reproduction and activity of immune cells. They are often used in Japan as a complement to chemotherapy to support the immune system.
CRUCIFEROUS VEGETABLES Cabbages, sprouts, broccoli and cauliflower contain powerful anti-cancer molecules. But boiling will destroy them — steam briefly or stir-fry rapidly in a little olive oil.
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES Carrots, yams, sweet potatoes, squash, tomatoes, apricots, beets and all the brightly colored fruits and vegetables contain vitamin A and lycopene, which have the proven capacity to inhibit the growth of particularly aggressive cancers.
HERBS AND SPICES Rosemary, thyme, oregano, basil and mint are rich in essential oils of the tarpene family which can reduce the spread of cancer cells by blocking the enzymes they need to invade neighboring tissues.
CITRUS FRUIT Oranges, tangerines, lemons and grapefruit contain anti-infammatory flavonoids which are also present in the skin. So buy organic, unwaxed citrus fruit and add the zest to salad dressing or steep the skins in hot water or tea.
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